文章摘要
李阳,邹云,张双楠,蔡桂喜.T(0,1)模态导波在弯管上传播的仿真与实验[J].声学技术,2017,(5):442~449
T(0,1)模态导波在弯管上传播的仿真与实验
Numerical and experimental research on T(0,1) guided waves propagating in bended pipes
投稿时间:2016-09-13  修订日期:2016-12-30
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2017.05.008
中文关键词: 透过率  弯管  T(0,1)模态  传播特性
英文关键词: transmission coefficients  bended pipes  T(0,1) mode  propagation characteristic
基金项目:河南省教育厅高等学校重点科研项目(18A460032)
作者单位E-mail
李阳 郑州大学机械工程学院, 河南郑州 450001 yangli@zzu.edu.cn 
邹云 郑州大学机械工程学院, 河南郑州 450001  
张双楠 中国科学院金属研究所, 辽宁沈阳 110016  
蔡桂喜 中国科学院金属研究所, 辽宁沈阳 110016  
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中文摘要:
      由于弯管的几何形状复杂,超声导波在弯管中的传播特性比在直管中复杂。弯管超声导波检测中,衡量其检测有效性的一个重要参数是透过率。通过有限元模拟研究了激励频率、弯曲半径、弯管角度对T(0,1)模态导波透过率的影响。发现:不同激励频率的导波在弯管上有不同的透过率,并且激励频率高的导波由于脉冲宽度小,更易产生新的波前;在不同的弯曲半径和弯曲角度的弯管中,最小透过率的T(0,1)模态导波的频率也各不一样;随弯管角度的变化,信号的透过率呈规律性变化。通过实验验证了不同激励频率下,T(0,1)模态导波透过率和激励频率的关系。在实际检测有弯管段的管道时,需采用多频率检测。
英文摘要:
      Propagation of guided waves in bended pipes is more complicated than that in straight pipes because of the complex geometry of bends. The transmission coefficient is an important factor used to evaluate the accuracy of the test. In this study, the finite-element method (FEM) is used to investigate the influences of the angle of bends, the radius of bends and the excitation frequencies on the transmission coefficients of T(0,1) guided waves. Our results show that the transmission coefficients varied with the excitation frequencies of guided waves when propagating through a bend. Given that the frequency of guided wave is high enough, new wave fronts are more easily produced after the guided wave propagating through a bend. It is also found that when guided waves propagating through a bend with the minimal transmission coefficient, their frequencies are correlated with the angle and the radius of the bend. The transmission coefficients oscillate periodically with increasing angle of the bend. The correlation between transmission coefficients and frequencies of the guided waves is verified by experimental data. In conclusion, it is suggested that guided waves propagating at various frequencies should be used to test bended pipes.
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