文章摘要
肖强,曾庆宁,王瑶,谢先明,毛维.基于MGSC与改进维纳滤波的麦克风阵列语音增强[J].声学技术,2017,(6):567~573
基于MGSC与改进维纳滤波的麦克风阵列语音增强
Speech enhancement of microphone array based on MGSC and improved Wiener filter
投稿时间:2017-01-13  修订日期:2017-04-17
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2017.06.012
中文关键词: 广义旁瓣抵消  相位补偿  阻塞滤波器  麦克风阵列
英文关键词: generalized sidelobe canceling  phase compensation  block filter  microphone array
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61461011)、“认知无线电与信息处理”教育部重点实验室2016年主任基金(CRKL160107)、广西自然科学基金重点项目(2016GXNSFDA380014)
作者单位E-mail
肖强 桂林电子科技大学"认知无线电与信息处理"教育部重点实验室, 广西桂林 541004 qiangxiao0116@163.com 
曾庆宁 桂林电子科技大学"认知无线电与信息处理"教育部重点实验室, 广西桂林 541004  
王瑶 桂林电子科技大学"认知无线电与信息处理"教育部重点实验室, 广西桂林 541004  
谢先明 桂林电子科技大学"认知无线电与信息处理"教育部重点实验室, 广西桂林 541004  
毛维 桂林电子科技大学"认知无线电与信息处理"教育部重点实验室, 广西桂林 541004  
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中文摘要:
      针对传统广义旁瓣抵消中阻塞矩阵语音泄露、非相干噪声消噪能力较弱及后置维纳滤波中相位不变等问题,提出一种基于改进广义旁瓣抵消与相位补偿维纳滤波的方法。该方法将阻塞矩阵变为阻塞滤波器从而减少了阻塞矩阵语音泄露,然后将相位补偿的维纳滤波用于估计纯净语音的幅度谱和相位谱,从而抑制广义旁瓣抵消残留的噪声。仿真及实测结果表明,该方法能够更加有效地抑制噪声的影响,提高语音的可懂度。
英文摘要:
      Traditional generalized sidelobe canceling algorithm is bad for non-coherent noise with the issue of speech leakage in block matrix, while Wiener post-filter also has the problem on unchanged phase. In order to modify this, a method is proposed based on modified generalized sidelobe canceling and phase compensation Wiener filtering for speech enhancement of microphone array. This method applies the idea of using a block filter instead of the block matrix to reducing speech leakage in block matrix, and meanwhile a way of Wiener filtering based on phase compensation is used to improve the performance of the post-filtering after generalized sidelobe canceling via estimating the magnitude spectrum and the phase spectrum of clean speech. The simulation results and perceptual evaluation of speech quality show that this method is able to eliminate the noise and to improve the speech intelligibility more effectively.
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