文章摘要
侯永志,张源,德吉,宾业建,白珍,米玛,田游,姜立新.西藏日喀则市藏族超声筛查常见胆囊疾病危险因素分析[J].声学技术,2018,37(3):248~252
西藏日喀则市藏族超声筛查常见胆囊疾病危险因素分析
Analysis of risk factors of common gallbladder diseases among Tibetans in Xigaze City, Xizang
投稿时间:2017-09-01  修订日期:2017-10-01
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2018.03.010
中文关键词: 超声  藏民族  胆囊疾病  危险因素
英文关键词: ultrasound  Tibetan  gallbladder disease  risk factors
基金项目:西藏自治区自然科学基金(2016ZR-QY-10)
作者单位E-mail
侯永志 西藏日喀则市人民医院超声诊断科, 西藏日喀则 857000  
张源 复旦大学附属儿科医院超声科, 上海 201102  
德吉 西藏日喀则市人民医院超声诊断科, 西藏日喀则 857000  
宾业建 西藏日喀则市人民医院超声诊断科, 西藏日喀则 857000  
白珍 西藏日喀则市人民医院超声诊断科, 西藏日喀则 857000  
米玛 西藏日喀则市人民医院超声诊断科, 西藏日喀则 857000  
田游 西藏日喀则市人民医院超声诊断科, 西藏日喀则 857000  
姜立新 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院超声医学科, 上海 200233 jinger_28@sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      针对日喀则市超声筛查常见胆囊疾病进行回顾性研究,分析其危险因素。研究对象为西藏日喀则市人民医院超声诊断科2017年1~6月间空腹检查的229例藏族人员,对其进行问卷调查及检查结果分析。根据超声诊断结果有常见胆囊疾病,分为患有常见胆囊疾病62例组和未检出胆囊病变167例组。先采用单因素logistic回归分析,再采用多因素logistic回归分析。酥油茶量、文化程度、胆囊疾病家族史存在显著统计差异(P<0.05),三者是西藏日喀则市人群中常见胆囊疾病的独立危险预测因素。通过此次分析,建议加大对日喀则市百姓的胆囊疾病病因宣传、控制酥油茶量,并以家系为研究对象,同时结合流行病学研究,为下一步对常见胆囊疾病的预防起到积极的作用。
英文摘要:
      The common gallbladder diseases in Xigaze City were retrospectively studied for the analysis of the risk factors. Total 229 Tibetans were examined before breakfast in the ultrasound diagnosis department of the Xigaze People's Hospital of Xizang from January to June 2017, and the corresponding questionnaire surveys and examination results were analyzed respectively. According to ultrasound discoveries, examines were divided into two groups:62 cases with common gallbladder disease and 167 cases with undetected gallbladder disease. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used first and then followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. It is found that there are statistically significant differences (P<0.05) between the two groups of people in the amount of buttered tea, education level and family history, and the three factors are the independent risk predictors of common gallbladder diseases in the population of Xigaze, Xizang. After this study, it is learned that education on risk factors of common gallbladder disease for Xigaze people needs to be strengthened, buttered tea intake needs to be controlled and epidemiological characteristics of families needs to be studied, those will play a positive role in the prevention of common gallbladder disease.
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