文章摘要
刘宁,梁奇兵,高晓兰.蛙人水下语音通信技术研究现状和展望[J].声学技术,2019,(2):170~175
蛙人水下语音通信技术研究现状和展望
Research status and prospect of frogman underwater voice communication technology
投稿时间:2018-01-04  修订日期:2018-03-05
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2019.02.010
中文关键词: 蛙人|水声信号处理|水下语音通信机
英文关键词: frogman|underwater acoustic signal processing|underwater voice communicator
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
刘宁 昆明五威科工贸有限公司, 云南昆明 650106  
梁奇兵 昆明五威科工贸有限公司, 云南昆明 650106 qbliang@sina.cn 
高晓兰 昆明五威科工贸有限公司, 云南昆明 650106  
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中文摘要:
      蛙人水下语音通信机是蛙人进行水下行动和作业必不可少的装备,在军事和民用等领域受到越来越多的关注。首先介绍了国内外蛙人水下语音通信机产品和技术的研究现状和成果,然后对蛙人水下语音通信机领域发展面临的关键问题进行了详细讨论。指出了越来越多的基于数字信号处理技术的调制解调技术被运用到蛙人水下语音通信领域中,可有效降低水下蛙人语音使用中多途效应和海洋环境噪声等干扰因素,提高通话质量,并已成为主要的研究方向;在结构方面,蛙人水下语音通信机由分体式、大体积向模块化、小型化、低功耗和一体式转变,这也成为未来发展的趋势。
英文摘要:
      The frogman underwater voice communicator is an essential equipment for underwater operation of frogman, which has attracted more and more attention in the military and civil fields. In this paper, the research status and achievements of product and technology about frogman underwater voice communication system at home and abroad are firstly introduced, then the key problem in the development of frogman underwater voice communication are discussed in detail, and it is pointed out that the modulation and demodulation technology based on digital signal processing has been widely applied in frogman underwater acoustic voice communication system. This technology can effectively reduce the interference factors such as the multi-path effect and ocean ambient noise in frogman underwater acoustic voice communication, to improve the quality of the communication. This technology has become the main research direction. In terms of the structure, the future development trend of the frogman underwater acoustic voice communicator is to transform it from split-type and large volume to modularization, miniaturization, low power consuming and integration.
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