文章摘要
闫善勇,赵二亮,邱薇,王长红.基于加权最小二乘的声相关计程仪速度精确估计[J].声学技术,2019,38(5):502~507
基于加权最小二乘的声相关计程仪速度精确估计
Accurate velocity estimation of acoustic correlation log based on weighted least squares
投稿时间:2018-04-24  修订日期:2018-07-11
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2019.05.004
中文关键词: 声相关计程仪  加权最小二乘  序列二次规划  测速精确度
英文关键词: acoustic correlation log  weighted least square  sequential quadratic programming  accuracy of velocity measurement
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
闫善勇 中国科学院声学研究所海洋声学技术中心, 北京 100190
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
yanshanyongyhy@163.com 
赵二亮 中国科学院声学研究所海洋声学技术中心, 北京 100190
北京市海洋声学装备工程技术研究中心, 北京 100190 
 
邱薇 中国科学院声学研究所海洋声学技术中心, 北京 100190
北京市海洋声学装备工程技术研究中心, 北京 100190 
 
王长红 中国科学院声学研究所海洋声学技术中心, 北京 100190
北京市海洋声学装备工程技术研究中心, 北京 100190 
 
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中文摘要:
      声相关计程仪首先利用加权最小二乘法确定目标函数,然后通过序列二次规划法估计速度。考虑海底混响数据时空相关函数宽度的减小、相关系数点与相关函数中心点间距的增大,都会导致相关系数的均值减小、分布范围增大,此时相关系数在目标函数中对应项的权重也应当减小。在这样的前提下,引入调节参数μ,调节权重函数的宽度,使设备在各个速度下测速相对偏差的一致性达到最优,提高速度估计精确度。调节参数在设备标定与验证试验中确定,不同的设备可能具有不同的调节参数。试验数据证明了该方法对不同声相关计程仪测速精确度的提高都有效果。
英文摘要:
      An acoustic correlation log utilizes the weighted least square method to determine objective function and the sequential quadratic programming to estimate velocity. The calculation of weights is modified by considering the characteristics of the spatial-temporal correlation of bottom echo. The correlation function and the weight function all have the bell-shaped form. Along with the decrease of the correlation function width or the increase of the distance of the correlation point away from the peak, the mean value of correlation coefficient decreases and its distribution in-creases, then the weight of the corresponding term of the correlation coefficient in the objective function should also decrease. Under this circumstance, a parameter μ, which can adjust the width of the weight function, is introduced to enhance the consistency and the accuracy of velocity estimation. The adjustment parameter μ is determined in the calibration of an acoustic correlation log, and different devices may have different adjustment parameters. Trial data has proved the effectiveness of this method in improving the velocity measurement accuracy of different acoustic correlation logs.
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