文章摘要
曾歆,张雄伟,孙蒙,苗晓孔,姚琨.基于GMM模型和LPC-MFCC联合特征的声道谱转换研究[J].声学技术,2020,39(4):451~455
基于GMM模型和LPC-MFCC联合特征的声道谱转换研究
Research on vocal tract spectrum conversion based on GMM model and LPC-MFCC
投稿时间:2019-01-04  修订日期:2019-02-28
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2020.04.012
中文关键词: 语音转换  声道谱转换  高斯混合模型  联合建模  线性预测系数-梅尔频率倒谱系数
英文关键词: voice conversion  vocal tract spectrum conversion  Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM)  joint modeling  Linear Prediction Coefficient-Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (LPC-MFCC)
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61471394)、江苏省优秀青年基金(BK20180080)资助项目。
作者单位E-mail
曾歆 陆军工程大学, 江苏南京 210007  
张雄伟 陆军工程大学, 江苏南京 210007 245104441@qq.com 
孙蒙 陆军工程大学, 江苏南京 210007  
苗晓孔 陆军工程大学, 江苏南京 210007  
姚琨 陆军工程大学, 江苏南京 210007  
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中文摘要:
      声道谱转换是语音转换中的关键技术。目前,大多数语音转换方法对声道谱的转换都是先提取语音中的某一种声道特征参数,然后对其进行训练转换,进而合成转换语音。由于不同的声道特征参数表征着不同的物理和声学意义,因此这些方法通常忽略了不同声道特征参数之间可能存在的互补性。针对这一问题,研究了不同声道特征参数之间进行联合建模的方法,引入了一种由线性预测系数(Linear Prediction Coefficient,LPC)和梅尔频率倒谱系数(Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficient,MFCC)联合构成的LPC-MFCC特征参数,提出了一种基于高斯混合模型(Gaussian Mixture Model,GMM)和LPC-MFCC联合特征参数的语音转换方法。为验证文中方法的有效性,仿真实验选取了基于GMM和LPC的语音转换方法进行对比,对多组实验数据进行主观和客观测试,结果表明,文中提出的语音转换方法可以获得相似度更高的转换语音。
英文摘要:
      Spectrum conversion is a key technique in voice conversion. At present, most of vocal tract spectrum conversion methods are first to extract one of characteristic parameters of the vocal tract then to train and convert it, and finally to synthesize the converted voice. Since different characteristic parameters of the vocal tract characterize different physical and acoustic meanings, these methods usually ignore the possible complementary effects between different characteristic parameters. To solve this problem, this paper studies the joint modeling method between different characteristic parameters of vocal tract, and introduces a new characteristic parameter called LPC-MFCC which is composed of Linear Prediction Coefficient (LPC) and Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC). And then, a voice conversion method based on Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) with LPC-MFCC is proposed. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, the voice conversion method based on GMM with LPC parameter is selected for comparison in simulation experiments. Subjective and objective tests are conducted with multiple sets of experimental data, and the results show that the proposed voice conversion method can achieve a higher similarity of voice conversion.
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