文章摘要
戎泽存,胡长青,赵梅.一种计算航船对近海海洋环境噪声贡献的算法[J].声学技术,2020,39(5):559~566
一种计算航船对近海海洋环境噪声贡献的算法
An algorithm for calculating the contribution of ship noise to offshore ambient noise
投稿时间:2019-12-30  修订日期:2020-03-03
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2020.05.007
中文关键词: 海洋环境噪声  航船噪声  船舶自动识别系统
英文关键词: ambient noise  ship noise  automatic identification system (AIS)
基金项目:装备预研项目资助(3020203010903)
作者单位E-mail
戎泽存 中国科学院声学研究所东海研究站, 上海 201815
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
 
胡长青 中国科学院声学研究所东海研究站, 上海 201815  
赵梅 中国科学院声学研究所东海研究站, 上海 201815 zhaomei@mail.ioa.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为了研究浅海中低频段的海洋环境噪声,文章构建了一种计算航船对近海海洋环境噪声贡献的算法,利用某海域航船信息,结合实际水文参数,对该海域的航运噪声进行了仿真计算。航船信息通过访问船舶自动识别系统数据库获取。主要关注50~400 Hz的中低频段,将仿真计算结果和实验数据进行对比,验证了算法的可靠性,并进行了误差分析。利用该算法可获取接收点处航船噪声的水平方向分布特点,并可初步定量分析航船噪声对海洋环境噪声的贡献。
英文摘要:
      To study the offshore ambient noise in the mid and low frequency band, an algorithm for calculating the contribution of ship noise to the offshore ambient noise is constructed, and the ship noise in a certain sea area is simulated by using the ship information and combining with the actual hydrological parameters. The ship information is obtained by accessing the ship automatic identification system (AIS) database. The ambient noise in the mid and low frequency band of 50~400 Hz is mainly concerned. The simulation results are compared with experimental data to verify the reliability of the algorithm, and the error analysis is made. By using this algorithm, the horizontal distribution of ship noise at the receiving point can be obtained, and the con-tribution of ship noise to offshore ambient noise can be preliminarily quantitatively analyzed.
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