文章摘要
吕旺阳,谢辉,何益.装配式轻质隔墙的隔声性能研究[J].声学技术,2020,39(6):721~727
装配式轻质隔墙的隔声性能研究
Study of sound insulation performance of prefabricated lightweight partitions
投稿时间:2020-01-11  修订日期:2020-05-05
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2020.06.012
中文关键词: 装配式  轻质隔墙  隔声性能
英文关键词: prefabricated  lightweight partition wall  sound insulation performance
基金项目:住房城乡建设部科学技术计划与北京未来城市设计高精尖创新中心开放课题(UDC2017031312)、中央高校基本科研业务费项目(106112017CDJXSYY0002)、重庆市研究生科研创新项目(CYB19051)
作者单位E-mail
吕旺阳 重庆大学建筑城规学院, 重庆 400045
山地城镇建设与新技术教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400045 
 
谢辉 重庆大学建筑城规学院, 重庆 400045
山地城镇建设与新技术教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400045 
xh@cqu.edu.cn 
何益 重庆大学建筑城规学院, 重庆 400045
山地城镇建设与新技术教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400045 
 
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中文摘要:
      近些年,装配式轻质隔墙由于在现场施工和造价等方面的优势被逐步推广,其隔声性能的研究也日益受到重视。由于隔声性能受多种因素影响,文章通过一系列实验,研究和分析了不同材料和构造对装配式轻质隔墙隔声性能的影响。结果表明,装配式轻质隔墙的隔声性能受墙体板材自身的声学性能影响较大,其共振频率主要出现在125~250 Hz;通过增加墙板层数,在墙体两侧加挂或外粘玻镁板,能有效提高墙体在中低频的隔声性能;在龙骨和墙板之间填充岩棉,能显著提升墙体在全频段的隔声性能,同时能有效改善低频共振对其隔声性能的影响。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the prefabricated lightweight partition wall has been gradually popularized due to its advantages in site construction and manufacturing cost. And the research on its sound insulation performance has attracted more and more attention. Because the sound insulation performance is affected by many factors, a serious of experiments have been conducted to study and analyze the influences of different materials and structures on the sound insulation performance of prefabricated lightweight partition wall. The results show that the sound insulation performance of the prefabricated lightweight partition wall is greatly affected by the acoustic performance of the wall board material itself, and the resonance frequency mainly appears in 125-250 Hz. By increasing the number of layers of the wall board and hanging or sticking glass fiber & magnesium cement board on both sides of the wall, the sound insulation performance of the wall can be effectively improved at low and middle frequencies. By filling rock wool between the keel and the wall board, the sound insulation performance of the wall in the whole frequency bands can be markedly improved and the influence of low frequency resonance on sound insulation performance can be ameliorated effectively at the same time.
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