文章摘要
费馨慧,林心影,陈智龙,邱水怡,宁春娇,黄启堂.健康视角下城市休闲绿地声景恢复性评价研究[J].声学技术,2021,40(1):89~96
健康视角下城市休闲绿地声景恢复性评价研究
A study on soundscape restoration evaluation of urban leisure green space from the perspective of health
投稿时间:2020-10-21  修订日期:2020-11-24
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2021.01.014
中文关键词: 声景观  恢复性评价  城市休闲绿地  环境健康
英文关键词: soundscape  restorative evaluation  urban leisure green  environmental health
基金项目:福建省科技厅引导性(重点)项目(2017Y0003)、优硕资助基金项目(1122YS01004)
作者单位E-mail
费馨慧 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
林心影 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
陈智龙 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
邱水怡 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
宁春娇 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
黄启堂 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002 fjhqt@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      为探究城市休闲绿地中声景出现频率与其恢复性效益之间的关系并确定最优函数模型,文章从声景与人体健康之间关系的角度出发,以福州市5处城市休闲绿地为例,通过层次分析法构建声景恢复性评价体系,再以声漫步实验获取研究区域内声景出现频率的客观数据及恢复性主观评分,选择12类函数模型进行主客观数据拟合并建立关系模型。结果显示:人工声出现频率与其恢复性效益之间存在显著负相关关系(-0.815),而生物声、地球物理声与其对应的恢复性效益之间均存在显著正相关关系(0.874、0.888),拟合度最佳的函数模型为三元线性回归方程模型(0.789)。基于此模型可将声景出现频率的客观数据转化为人在声环境中恢复性感受的主观值,进而结合园林设计手段提出相应的声景环境恢复性营造及优化提升建议,以期能够为今后声环境与人体健康方面的相关研究提供参考思路和数据支撑。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the relationship between the occurrence frequency of soundscape and its restorative benefits in urban leisure green space and determine the optimal function model, starting from the relationship between soundscape and human health, a study has been carried out by taking 5 urban leisure green spaces in Fuzhou as an example. The soundscape restorative evaluation system by analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is constructed, then the objective data and the restorative subjective scores of the occurrence frequency of soundscape in the research areas are obtained by sound walk experiments, and 12 kinds of function models are selected to combine the subjective and objective data for establishing relationship model. The results show that there is a significant negative correlation between the occurrence frequency of artificial sound and its restorative benefits (-0.815), while there is a significant positive correlation between the biological sound and geophysical sound and their corresponding restorative benefits (0.874, 0.888). The function model with the best fitting degree is the ternary linear regression equation model (0.789). Based on this model, the objective data of the occurrence frequency of soundscape in urban leisure green space can be transformed into the subjective value of restorative feeling in sound environment. Then, by the comprehensive garden design means, the corresponding suggestions of soundscape environment restorative construction and optimization are proposed. It is expected to provide ideas and data support for future research on the correlation between sound environment and human health.
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