文章摘要
庞玉红,严琪,陈托.基于双曲调频距离误差的目标跟踪修正算法[J].声学技术,2023,42(5):684~688
基于双曲调频距离误差的目标跟踪修正算法
The modified target tracking algorithm with range bias compensation of HFM waveforms
投稿时间:2022-03-07  修订日期:2022-05-19
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2023.05.019
中文关键词: 双曲调频  距离估计误差  目标跟踪  算法修正
英文关键词: hyperbolic frequency modulated (HFM)  ranging bias  target tracking  modified algorithm
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
庞玉红 杭州应用声学研究所, 杭州 310012  
严琪 杭州应用声学研究所, 杭州 310012 51514063@qq.com 
陈托 杭州应用声学研究所, 杭州 310012  
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中文摘要:
      双曲调频信号的多普勒不变性可使运动目标匹配滤波输出的能量损失达到最小,在运动目标检测与参数估计中具有独特优势,已广泛应用于新型主动声呐。然而其多普勒不变性在提高检测能力的同时,会引入目标距离估计误差,从而影响主动声呐跟踪性能。文章在分析双曲调频信号距离估计误差的基础上,提出了目标跟踪算法的误差修正方法,通过将距离估计误差公式与传统观测方程及滤波算法进行融合,实现目标跟踪算法的误差补偿,显著提高了算法的跟踪性能,尤其是对快速运动目标的跟踪性能。
英文摘要:
      Hyperbolic frequency modulated (HFM) waveforms offer the detection performance that is named "Doppler invariance", which makes a minimal output loss. It has been applied in new sonar systems because of its advantages in signal detection and estimation. In the meantime the Doppler invariance leads a ranging bias in estimating the range of moving targets, which thereby affects the tracking performance. In this article, the range bias is analyzed based on the Doppler invariance of HFM waveforms. And then, a modified target tracking algorithm is proposed, which combines the range bias formula and the traditional tracking algorithm together. By doing so, the tracking performance can be improved particularly for fast moving target.
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