文章摘要
徐灵活.次声防护的研究进展[J].声学技术,2003,(2):126~129
次声防护的研究进展
Review of infrasonic protection
投稿时间:2002-09-07  修订日期:2002-10-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 次声  防护  材料
英文关键词: infrasound  protection  material
基金项目:
作者单位
徐灵活 海军医学研究所, 上海, 200433 
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中文摘要:
      文章综述了70年代以来次声防护的国内外研究概况。首先简要地给出了次声的特点及其对人体的影响,然后着重阐述了次声标准和防护的国内外研究情况。在次声的防护上从物理防护和医学防护两个方面展开论述。其中物理防护上主要综述了近年来取得的在次声源控制和传播途径控制上一些有意义的新理论和新材料,另外提到了次声场的个体防护;医学防护上主要指出提高机体代偿能力在减轻次声损伤方面有重要意义。结合次声目前的研究状况,文章最后探讨了今后次声防护研究急需解决的问题及其发展方向。
英文摘要:
      Research on infrasonic protection since the 1970s is reviewed in this paper. First, infrasonic characteristic and its effect on human are briefly introduced. The standards'and progresses of infrasonic protection around the world are then described in detail. Both physical protection and medical protection are discussed. With respect to the physical protection, the paper summarizes some new theories and materials that are significant in the control of infrasonic sources and propagation of infrasouijd. Besides, protection of individuals from infrasound is also discussed. Regarding medical protection, it is pointed out that improving the human repay ability is important to reduce the trauma of infrasound. Finally, the paper raises some problems to be further studied in the future.
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