文章摘要
毛建西.居住声环境的结构与维度探讨[J].声学技术,2009,(5):634~639
居住声环境的结构与维度探讨
Research on structure and dimensions of residential acoustical environment
投稿时间:2008-10-17  修订日期:2009-02-22
DOI:
中文关键词: 居住空间  声环境  主观调查  因子分析
英文关键词: residential space  acoustical environment  subjective research  factor analysis
基金项目:南京工程学院科研启动基金(KXJ08031)
作者单位E-mail
毛建西 南京工程学院建筑工程学院, 南京, 211167 mao@njit.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      在社会生态环境中,居住空间声环境是重要的环境之一。为了解释良好居住声环境的特质,探讨怎样创造和形成良好的居住空间声环境,编制了声环境调查量表。采用因子分析、相关分析等方法对调查结果进行了统计分析研究。研究表明,居住空间声环境是一个客观的、独立的存在,是一种多维度的结构,这一结构包括声源的三个维度和声环境认知与反应的四个维度,设计的声环境调查问卷实现了对各个维度的测量,问卷调查结果显示了一些有趣的现象,初步印证了目前我国城市居住空间声环境的一些特点。
英文摘要:
      The acoustical environment of residential space is one of important factors in one's lifetime's social and ecological environments.To explore how to create and shape a good acoustical environment of residential space,an acoustical environment-surveying questionnaire has been made,and the methods of factor analysis and correlative analysis have been adopted to make statistical analysis of the research results.The acoustical environment of residential space is found to be an objective and independent existence with a multi-dimensional structure,which includes three sound sources as well as four types of perception and reaction of acoustical environment.All the above dimensions have been measured through an acoustical environment-surveying questionnaire entitled Acoustical Environment of Hous-ing,which confirmed elementarily some figures and characteristics of acoustical environment in urban residential space in China at the present time.
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