文章摘要
侯朋,许文海,李瑛.双基地海底散射建模与仿真分析[J].声学技术,2011,(2):117~122
双基地海底散射建模与仿真分析
Modeling and simulation analysis of bistatic seafloor scattering
投稿时间:2009-11-25  修订日期:2010-03-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 双基地海底散射  小斜率近似  粗糙海底界面  APL-UW模型
英文关键词: bistatic seafloor scattering  small-slope approximation  roughness seafloor interface  APL-UW model
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目(2009BAG18B103)
作者单位E-mail
侯朋 大连海事大学信息科学技术学院, 辽宁大连, 116026  
许文海 大连海事大学信息科学技术学院, 辽宁大连, 116026 whxu@newmail.dlmu.edu.cn 
李瑛 大连海事大学信息科学技术学院, 辽宁大连, 116026  
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中文摘要:
      海底的声散射是产生浅海混响的主要原因之一。采用小斜率近似方法研究了粗糙液-液分界面的海底散射问题,通过一个统一的方法实现微扰近似和Kirchhoff近似的无缝衔接且不受表面高度均方根条件限制。类比APL-UW模型,利用最低阶小斜率近似求解粗糙海底界面散射截面,并结合Jackson等人的海底沉积层体积散射截面表达式,建立了一个计算双基地海底散射强度的"小斜率-体积"模型。针对几种典型的海底类型进行了数值仿真与性能分析,并将数值预报结果与APL-UW模型进行了对比。结果表明,小斜率-体积模型在整个角度范围内较为准确,并且与APL-UW模型的预报结果吻合程度较高,两者散射强度差值小于2 dB。
英文摘要:
      Scattering of sound due to seafloor sediment is the main source of shallow water reverberation.Seafloor scattering from the rough liquid-liquid interface is investigated by using the small-slope approximation(SSA).The SSA employs a unified method that seamlessly connects the small-roughness perturbation approximation and Kirchhoff approximation without any restriction on the RMS height of surface.Analogous to well-known APL-UW model,a "SSA-Volume" model is provided for calculating the bistatic scattering strength,which combines roughness-scattering cross section predicted with the lowest-order SSA and volume-scattering cross section formulated by Jackson et al.Numerical simulation and performance analysis are conducted on several typical types of seafloor,and the predictions are compared with the APL-UW model.It is found that the SSA-Volume model is more accurate in the whole range of angle and the numerical results also show good agreement between the predictions of SSA-Volume model and APL-UW model,with slight differences of scattering strength less than 2 dB.
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