文章摘要
钟伟梁,杜伟明.NM2:噪声地图和监测[J].声学技术,2011,(2):167~172
NM2:噪声地图和监测
NM2:Noise Mapping and Monitoring
投稿时间:2008-12-12  修订日期:2009-04-27
DOI:
中文关键词: 噪声地图  噪声监测  城市化
英文关键词: noise mapping  noise monitoring  urbanization
基金项目:
作者单位
钟伟梁 环境数据管理系统香港有限公司, 中国香港 
杜伟明 澳门理工大学, 中国澳门 
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中文摘要:
      噪声地图被公认是城市规划和管理的得力工具。不过它的可靠性和大众对它的信心在很大程度上取决于噪声地图是否可以通过利用噪声监测数据来校正和更新。此外,噪声地图应能反映因不断变化的交通情况而产生的噪声水平。通过回顾噪声地图在世界上在制作和应用上面对的问题,讨论其拥有噪声监测功能的必要性,与作为协助决策者和广大群众做出合适决定的工具的重要性。最后建议进一步对噪声地图加以研究,以制定一个综合的方法来评估和管理城市环境。
英文摘要:
      Noise mapping has been recognised as a useful tool for city planning and management.However,its reliability and people's confidence to a noise map depends very much on whether it can be validated and updated based on noise monitoring data.Moreover,a noise map shall be able to reflect the ever-changing scenario of real traffic.This paper aims to provide a concise review of noise mapping,including its methodological issues and the extent of its application worldwide.The paper also discusses the necessity of having noise monitoring to serve as a functional tool that assists policy makers and people at large to make informed decisions.We conclude the paper by recommending further research to develop an integrated approach to assess and manage environmental noise in built environments.
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