文章摘要
樊书宏,严冰,刘昆仑,康文钰.舰船尾流侧向声检测方法[J].声学技术,2011,(6):474~479
舰船尾流侧向声检测方法
A study of ships wake detection by side acoustic scattering
投稿时间:2011-05-05  修订日期:2011-08-22
DOI:
中文关键词: 水下航行体  舰船尾流  侧向声散射  尾流特性  尾流检测
英文关键词: underwater vehicle|ship wake|side acoustic scattering|wake characteristics|wake detection
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
樊书宏 西北工业大学航海工程学院, 西安710072
中国船舶重工集团公司第705研究所, 西安710075 
fsh3698@sina.com 
严冰 中国船舶重工集团公司第705研究所, 西安710075  
刘昆仑 西北工业大学航海工程学院, 西安710072  
康文钰 西北工业大学航海工程学院, 西安710072
中国船舶重工集团公司第705研究所, 西安710075 
 
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中文摘要:
      舰船尾流声检测是水下航行体实现自动搜索、跟踪、攻击水面舰艇目标的最有效途径之一,当前工程应用和相关研究主要集中于从尾流下方实施的顶视声尾流检测方法。为了进一步研究水下航行体新型尾流检测技术,提高尾流自导性能及抗干扰能力,研究了舰船尾流的侧向声散射检测方法。分析了舰船尾流的几何特性和声特性,进行了实验室模拟尾流的气幕声散射特性研究,并对实际大型舰船目标的尾流进行了侧向声散射检测试验。试验结果表明,舰船尾流侧向声检测方法可以持续、有效检测到目标舰船的尾流,为水下航行体检测舰船尾流提供了新的可行途径。该方法为有效跟踪和精确打击水面舰艇目标等提供了重要基础,具有实际工程应用价值。
英文摘要:
      Ship wake acoustic detection is one of the most effective ways for underwater vehicle to automatically search,track and attack surface targets.The present engineering applications and research mainly focus on the top view sonar detection under the wake.In order to further develop new wake detection methods for underwater vehicle to improve the performance of wake homing and enhance the capacity of anti-interference,the method of wake detection by side acoustic scattering is studied in this paper.The acoustic characteristics and physical property of ship wake are dis-cussed.The acoustic scattering characteristics of wake gas bubbles are researched in laboratory with simulated wake by air bubble screen.Simultaneously,the experiments of wake detection by side acoustic scattering are carried out with actual wake of large ship in lake.The experiments results indicate that the actual ship wake can be continuously and ef-fectively detected by side acoustic scattering detection,which provides a novel and feasible method for surface ship wake detection.The research results could be the important foundation for the development of the new wake homing technique and the effective surface target tracking and attacking of underwater vehicles.They are useful and significant for practical engineering applications.
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