文章摘要
冯雪飞,齐娜.头部官能结构对HRTF的影响及主观验证实验[J].声学技术,2013,32(1):41~45
头部官能结构对HRTF的影响及主观验证实验
The influence of different head function structures on HRTF and subjective evaluation
投稿时间:2012-01-03  修订日期:2012-04-10
DOI:10.3969/j.issn1000-3630.2013.01.010
中文关键词: 人工头模  头相关传输函数  主观实验  声源定位
英文关键词: artificial head  HRTF  subjective evaluation test  sound localization
基金项目:自然科学基金课题资助项目(60803062);国家科技支撑计划课题资助(2012BAH01F04)
作者单位E-mail
冯雪飞 中国传媒大学传播声学研究所,北京 100024 hjfxf2005@126.com 
齐娜 中国传媒大学传播声学研究所,北京 100024  
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中文摘要:
      为了研究声学头模上不同的头部官能结构对头相关传输函数(Head-Related Transfer Function,HRTF)及录音听感上的影响,对具有不同官能结构的头模进行HRTF测量和对比分析,得出头部不同官能结构对HRTF的影响。进一步的主观评价实验也验证了不同的头部官能结构对于声源定位的影响程度不同这一结论。其中,耳廓对声源定位的影响较大,是不可缺少的一个结构,而有无鼻子、头发等其他细节官能结构对声源定位产生的影响则要弱得多,同时这些头部官能结构对听感上的影响与声源类型和入射方向的关系十分密切。
英文摘要:
      Head-related transfer functions (HRTF) of artificial heads with different head function structures are measured and analyzed to reveal the influence of different head function structures on HRTF. The further subjective listening tests also confirm that different head function structures may affect auditory localization in different degrees. Pinna is a very important and indispensable factor on sound localization. But the effects of nose, hair and other detail structures of head on sound localization are weaker. Moreover, the impact on auditory localization of these function structures is closely related to sound source types as well as incident angles.
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