文章摘要
徐宁,徐颖,邹伟仁,王常力.玻璃纤维复合材料板隔声性能的研究[J].声学技术,2013,32(5):416~420
玻璃纤维复合材料板隔声性能的研究
Experimental study of sound insulation performance of glass fiber reinforced composite plates
投稿时间:2012-10-19  修订日期:2013-01-08
DOI:10.3969/j.issn1000-3630.2013.05.012
中文关键词: 玻璃纤维  复合材料  隔声  吻合效应
英文关键词: glass fiber  composite  sound insulation  coincidence effect
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
徐宁 西北工业大学航海学院, 西安 710072 xuning4243@163.com 
徐颖 西北工业大学航海学院, 西安 710072  
邹伟仁 西北工业大学航海学院, 西安 710072  
王常力 西北工业大学航海学院, 西安 710072  
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中文摘要:
      选择树脂基玻璃纤维复合材料板,测量其辐射效率和损耗因子,研究纤维排布方式及纤维用量的影响,结果表明,纤维正交和单向铺设对玻璃纤维板辐射效率的影响基本相同,纤维的用量在10%~70%变化时,也没有明显的变化;对损耗因子的影响,在160~1000Hz范围内,单向玻纤复合材料板的阻尼比正交排布的低,而在2000~8000 Hz范围两者基本相同的。在中低频范围内,正交排布比单向排布对阻尼的影响更加显著。通过测试复合材料和金属铁的隔声量,在160~8000Hz范围内,玻璃纤维复合材料板没有出现隔声谷。提出纤维复合材料板中纵波波速公式,计算复合材料板的隔声量,与测量结果吻合良好。
英文摘要:
      To investigate effects of fiber arrangement and amount on sound transmission of resin-based glass fiber composite plates, the relevant radiation ratio and loss factor have been measured. The experiments identify that the radiation ratios of orthogonal and parallel arrangements are the same, as well as when the fiber amount increased from 10% to 70%. As for the effect on the loss factor, the damping ratio of parallel arrangement is lower than that of orthogonal arrangement in the frequency range of 160 Hz to 1000 Hz. The damping ratios of orthogonal and parallel arrangements are close to each other from 2000 Hz to 8000 Hz. In medium and low frequency range, the orthogonal arrangement affects the damping ratio more significantly than the parallel arrangement does. Comparing the sound transmission losses of resin-based glass fiber composite plates with iron, it is found that there is no sound insulation valley in the sound transmission loss curve of the composite s plates. The calculation method of the longitudinal wave has been developed. The calculation results are in agreement with the experimental results.
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