文章摘要
师俊杰,吕云飞,孙大军,兰华林,梅继丹.潜标姿态变化对矢量水听器目标方位估计的影响[J].声学技术,2014,33(2):125~130
潜标姿态变化对矢量水听器目标方位估计的影响
Influence of attitude changes of subsurface buoy on DOA estimation of vector hydrophone
投稿时间:2012-12-05  修订日期:2013-03-20
DOI:10.3969/j.issn1000-3630.2014.02.006
中文关键词: 潜标系统  姿态变化  目标方位估计  矢量水听器  积分时间
英文关键词: subsurface buoy system  attitude changes  DOA  vector hydrophone  integration time
基金项目:国家863计划资助重点项目(2011AA090502)、 国防基础科研项目资助项目(B2420110006)。
作者单位E-mail
师俊杰 哈尔滨工程大学水声技术重点实验室, 黑龙江哈尔滨 150001 junjieshi@hrbeu.edu.cn 
吕云飞 哈尔滨工程大学水声技术重点实验室, 黑龙江哈尔滨 150001  
孙大军 哈尔滨工程大学水声技术重点实验室, 黑龙江哈尔滨 150001  
兰华林 哈尔滨工程大学水声技术重点实验室, 黑龙江哈尔滨 150001  
梅继丹 哈尔滨工程大学水声技术重点实验室, 黑龙江哈尔滨 150001  
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中文摘要:
      潜标系统作为一种矢量水听器水下工作安装平台,不可避免的姿态变化会引起矢量水听器各通道接收兴趣信号的起伏变化,致使目标方位估计结果偏离真实目标方向。理论推导分析了潜标体姿态变化对矢量水听器目标方位估计的影响,定量分析了矢量水听器目标方位估计与姿态变化周期(频率)的关系,并进一步讨论了与幅度及积分时间等的关系,如姿态幅度为40°时要方位估计误差小于5°,则积分时间至少要大于24s。研究结果对矢量水听器目标方位估计时的积分时间选取具有重要指导意义。
英文摘要:
      As a subsea mounting platform of vector hydrophone, subsurface buoy system inevitably suffers attitude changes including rotation, pitch and roll etc., which results in the variation of interested signals recorded by vector hydrophone and causes the DOA estimation to deviate from the true target direction. This paper deduces and analyzes theoretically the influence on DOA estimation of vector hydrophone due to attitude changes of subsurface buoy firstly. Then it gives quantitatively the relationship between DOA performance and attitude change period (frequency), amplitude, and integration time. For example, the integration time needs to be more than 24 sec at least if the attitude change amplitude is 40 deg and DOA error is ordered less than 5 deg. These results have important meanings in choosing the integration time for DOA estimation of vector hydrophone.
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