文章摘要
张庆国,王健培.水下高速目标航行参数遥测技术研究[J].声学技术,2014,33(5):412~416
水下高速目标航行参数遥测技术研究
Research on telemetry technique of high-speed underwater target navigation parameters
投稿时间:2013-04-25  修订日期:2013-08-13
DOI:10.3969/j.issn1000-3630.2014.05.006
中文关键词: 双曲线调频信号  线性调频信号  水声遥测  多普勒频移
英文关键词: large eddy simulation  acoustic analogy  aeroacoustics
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张庆国 昆明船舶设备研究试验中心, 云南昆明 650051 ZQG750@126.com 
王健培 昆明船舶设备研究试验中心, 云南昆明 650051  
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中文摘要:
      对于高速、强机动的水下目标来说,其航行参数信息的实时遥测具有重要意义。水声信号的多普勒频移估计与补偿是水声遥测的关键技术之一,它直接影响着水声遥测的效果与性能。针对双曲线调频信号及线性调频信号进行仿真分析,对比在相同情况下的多普勒频偏可补偿性,仿真实验证明双曲线调频信号具备较高的多普勒容限,其时延值估计精度可达到1μs。结合工程实际,采用双曲调频信号与单频信号组合的方式进行水声遥测,充分发挥双曲线调频信号的多普勒不变性和单频信号对多普勒频移的敏感性,在获得较高定位精度的同时,也具备高精度的水声遥测功能。该组合信标信号经过湖上试验验证,具有遥测精度高、误码率低、易于实现等优点,可直接应用于相关水声工程中。
英文摘要:
      For high-speed underwater target of strong maneuverability, the real-time telemetry of the navigation para-meters is important. Doppler shift estimation and compensation of underwater acoustic signal is one of those key techniques for the underwater acoustic telemetry, which directly affects the effectiveness and performance of the tele-metry. In this article, Doppler shift is compensated for both HFM and LFM signals by simulation, and the analysis and comparison in the same conditions are made. Simulation results show that hyperbolic frequency modulated (HFM) signal has higher Doppler tolerance, and the estimation accuracy for time delay can be achieved by 1s. In practical μapplications, the HFM signal is combined with a single frequency signal for underwater acoustic telemetry. Thus, both the Doppler invariance of the HFM signal and the Doppler shift sensitivity of the single-frequency signal can fully play important roles in obtaining high positioning accuracy to realize high-precision underwater acoustic telemetry. The ef-fectiveness of this combined beacon signal has been verified through lake trial. The testing results show that this signal has the characteristics of higher telemetry precision and lower error rate. And, this signal is easy to be implemented, so can be directly applied to the relevant underwater acoustic engineering projects.
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