文章摘要
王升,马力,郭圣明.浅海单模入射声场目标回波特性研究[J].声学技术,2015,34(1):18~22
浅海单模入射声场目标回波特性研究
Research on target echo characteristics ensonified by a single mode in shallow water
投稿时间:2013-07-16  修订日期:2013-10-15
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2015.01.004
中文关键词: 目标回波  单模  简正波  散射函数
英文关键词: target echo  single mode  normal-mode wave  scattering function
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王升 91388部队95分队, 广东湛江 524022 comwsh@sina.com 
马力 中国科学院水声环境特性重点实验室, 北京 100190  
郭圣明 中国科学院水声环境特性重点实验室, 北京 100190  
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中文摘要:
      浅海环境中,目标回波受到入射和散射双向过程的信道多途影响,具有复杂的多途结构。基于相控垂直阵的单模发射技术能激发出指定的单个简正波声场,可以降低海底混响干扰,简化目标回波多途结构,为主动探测提供了一种有效手段。在信道中点声源目标回波模型基础上,采用简正波本征函数加权研究了单模声场入射下球形目标散射问题,建立了浅海单模入射声场目标回波预报模型,并利用模型对刚性球回波进行了数值计算。结果表明:总声源级相同条件下,单模发射声场与传统的点声源发射声场相比具有一定的阵发射增益,目标回波具有较高的声压级;单模入射能够消除单程多途的影响,回波结构相对简单,有利于目标的探测和识别。
英文摘要:
      In shallow water, target echo has complex structure as a result of multipath propagation on incidence and scattering journey. Based on vertical phased linear array, single mode excitation technique can produce desired field composed of a single mode, suppress reverberation, simplify echo structure and provide an effective way of active detection. In this paper, based on target echo model ensonified by a point source, the array weighting method according to normal-mode eigenfunctions is applied to studying target scattering problem. Target echo prediction model ensonified by a single mode in shallow water has been built to analyze target echo characteristics. The results of using the model to calculate a certain sphere object's echo numerically show that the target echo ensonified by a single mode has greater intensity comparing with the situation that target is ensonified by a point source; the single mode excitation technique can eliminate multipath interference on incidence journey, so target echo structure is straightforward relatively and favorable for target detection and identification.
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