文章摘要
孟祥梅,孙蕾.海底沉积物声学性质测量技术评述[J].声学技术,2016,35(4):281~288
海底沉积物声学性质测量技术评述
Measurement techniques of acoustic properties of marine sediments: a review
投稿时间:2015-12-02  修订日期:2016-02-05
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2016.04.001
中文关键词: 海底沉积物  声学性质  取样测量  原位测量
英文关键词: marine sediments  acoustic properties  sampling measurement  in-situ measurement
基金项目:海洋公益性行业科研专项(201405032);国家自然科学基金资助项目(41406073,41527809)
作者单位E-mail
孟祥梅 海洋沉积与环境地质国家海洋局重点实验室, 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所, 山东青岛 266061
青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋地质过程与环境功能实验室, 山东青岛 266061 
mxmeng@fio.org.cn 
孙蕾 海洋沉积与环境地质国家海洋局重点实验室, 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所, 山东青岛 266061
青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋地质过程与环境功能实验室, 山东青岛 266061 
 
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中文摘要:
      由于资源勘探、军事应用、岩土特性声学调查和声波传播理论研究等的需要,多年来人们一直在进行海底沉积物声学性质的测量。对海底沉积物声学性质的取样测量技术和原位测量技术进行了叙述,分别总结了两种测量技术存在的问题,认为下一步有必要发展海底沉积物低频声学性质的直接测量技术,建议在原位测量海底沉积物声学性质参数的同时测量其他性质参数以便于对比研究,并设法提高原位测量的工作效率。
英文摘要:
      Due to the needs of resources exploration, military application, acoustic survey of geotechnical characteristics, research on acoustic wave propagation theory etc, the measurements of acoustic properties of marine sediments have been conducted for years. The sampling measurement technique and in-situ measurement technique of acoustic properties of marine sediments are reviewed herein, and the problems of the two measurement techniques above are summarized respectively. It is considered that developing the direct measurement techniques for acoustic properties of marine sediments at low frequencies is necessary next. To facilitate the contrastive study of acoustic properties and other properties of marine sediments, it is suggested that the measurements of other properties as well as acoustic properties of marine sediments in situ should be conducted. The in-situ measurement's efficiency should also be improved.
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