文章摘要
胡明慧,占必武.基于大涡模拟和Lighthill声类比的孔腔流动发声特性研究[J].声学技术,2018,37(5):412~417
基于大涡模拟和Lighthill声类比的孔腔流动发声特性研究
Research on the characteristics of sound generated by flow inside cavity based on LES and Lighthill acoustic analogy method
投稿时间:2018-03-23  修订日期:2018-05-10
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2018.05.002
中文关键词: 孔腔  大涡模拟  Lighthill声类比  涡声  声频特性
英文关键词: cavity  large eddy simulation(LES)  Lighthill acoustic analogy  vortex sound  acoustic frequency characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51775188)资助项目。
作者单位E-mail
胡明慧 华东理工大学承压系统与安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200237 agile_hu@ecust.edu.cn 
占必武 华东理工大学承压系统与安全教育部重点实验室, 上海 200237  
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中文摘要:
      孔腔流动发声是气动声学研究领域重要的课题,基于大涡模拟和Lighthill声类比方法,探讨了气体在孔腔流动的流激噪声的发声特性。模拟结果表明,孔腔边界层出口剪切涡、边棱处涡街和腔体内反馈涡的运动诱导了孔腔发声,具有明显的偶极子特性,在高频段腔体内激发了声学驻波模态。通过模拟与实验对比分析了不同流量下噪声量级以及频谱分布规律,研究结果表明:24kHz以下的声频谱会表现出波峰小范围迁移;24kHz以上频率对应的声压级随流量增大而增大;腔体长度和特征频率近似满足Strouher公式,即声频特征频率随腔体长度的增大而减小。上述研究结果为下一步设计在线监测安全阀泄漏的报警超声波发声器提供了理论依据。
英文摘要:
      Cavity flow is an important issue in the field of aeroacoustics. By using LES (large eddy simulation) and Lighthill acoustic analogy method, the characteristics of sound generated by flow inside cavity have been discussed. Simulation results show that the sound generated by shear vortex, edge vortex and feedback vortex has obvious dipole characteristics. Acoustic standing wave is excited at high frequency. By simulation and experiment, the magnitude of noise and the distribution of spectrum under different flow rates are analyzed. The results show that the acoustic frequency locking characteristic could happen under different paraments of cavity length, diameter and baffle length, and that the frequency spectrum has a small range migration of the peak below 24 kHz and the sound pressure level increases with the flow rate above 24 kHz. The relation between cavity length and characteristic frequency is approximately satisfied with Strouher's formula, and the characteristic frequency decreases with increasing the length of cavity. The research provides a theoretical basis for the design of the ultrasonic safety valve leakage alarm system for on-line monitoring.
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