文章摘要
路晓东,郭飞,刘卓群,祝培生.滨海空间的声环境感知比较——以大连为例[J].声学技术,2018,37(5):482~487
滨海空间的声环境感知比较——以大连为例
Comparative study on sound environment perception in coastal space-an example in Dalian
投稿时间:2018-04-10  修订日期:2018-06-02
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2018.05.013
中文关键词: 声环境  感知  滨海  开放空间
英文关键词: sound environment  perception  coastal area  open space
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51208074、51278075)、华南理工大学亚热带重点实验室开放基金资助(2017ZB17)
作者单位E-mail
路晓东 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023
华南理工大学亚热带重点实验室, 广东广州 510640 
 
郭飞 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023 guofei1209@126.com 
刘卓群 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023  
祝培生 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023  
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中文摘要:
      海水声是滨海空间声环境的一大特色。将滨海空间按景观构成要素分为自然类、人工类、半自然半人工类三类,各自选取典型样本进行主客观声环境的调研。通过声环境的三个感知维度(安静度、舒适度、协调度)间的关系、感知维度与声压级间的关系、感知维度与空间类型的关系,探讨滨海空间海水声感知的影响机制。研究表明,安静度、舒适度、协调度中,舒适度的评价最稳定,且与安静度、协调度的相关性较强;不同于其他水声,海水声具有特殊性,各个感知维度均和声压级无显著相关;不同的滨海空间类型的声环境感知存在差异,其中以自然风貌为主的滨海空间在感知评价上具有较大的优势。该研究可为滨海空间的景观规划设计等提供借鉴。
英文摘要:
      Seawater sound is an important features of the sound environment in coastal area. The coastal open space is divided into three categories:natural, artificial, semi-natural and semi-artificial according to the attributes of landscape elements. Through comparing the relationships of the three dimensions of sound perception (quietness, comfort degree and coordination) with objective parameters, the influence mechanism of landscape elements on seawater sound perception in coastal space is stuied, so as to guide the coastal landscape design. The results show that in terms of quietness, comfort and coordination, the evaluation of comfort is the most stable, and the correlation of confort with quietness and coordination is strong; each perception dimension has no significant correlation with sound pressure level, indicating that seawater sound is different from other sound sources and has strong specificity; there are differences in the acoustic environment perception of different coastal space types, among which the coastal space dominated by natural scenery has obvious advantages in the evaluation of perception. The results can provide a reference for landscape planning and design of the coastal space.
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