文章摘要
李素秋.柯尔克孜族学生汉语双音节词声调声学实验研究[J].声学技术,2020,39(3):316~322
柯尔克孜族学生汉语双音节词声调声学实验研究
Acoustic experimental research on Chinese disyllabic tone of Kirgiz students
投稿时间:2019-01-14  修订日期:2019-02-24
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2020.03.011
中文关键词: 柯尔克孜族  双音节词  声调  声学  实验
英文关键词: Kirgiz  disyllable  tone  acoustic  experiments
基金项目:国家社科基金(19VJX084)资助项目。
作者单位E-mail
李素秋 中南民族大学文学与新闻传播学院, 湖北武汉 430074 lisuqiu_sc@sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      文章使用praat语音分析软件,对柯尔克孜族学生汉语双音节词声调进行了声学实验研究。研究发现,在双音节词中,不论是前字还是后字,柯尔克孜族学生都读成了微降调,阳平读得较短,去声读得较长,而且调域很窄,形成的都是一调格局。柯尔克孜语是无声调语言,学生在习得声调语言时会存在一定困难;柯尔克孜语重音处于最后一个音节,这容易让学生过度泛化母语的降调;学生最初学习汉语时,由于师资缺乏,很难接触到标准的汉语发音,这些原因都会给学生习得汉语声调带来一定障碍。
英文摘要:
      A phonetic experiment is conducted with the ‘praat’ program to study the pronunciation pattern of Chinese disyllabic tone of Kirgiz students. In the acoustic experiments of Chinese disyllabic tone, Kirgiz students pronounce the front syllable and latter syllable all in a slight falling tone, in which, the second tone (Yang Ping) has a short reading while a rather long reading for the fourth tone (Qu-Sheng), and the tone range is narrow, so as to form an ‘one tone pattern’. Since the Kirgiz language is a silent tone language, students have some difficulties in acquiring tonal languages. And, the stress of the Kirgiz language is in the last syllable, which makes it easy for students to over generalize the falling tone of their native language. For the Kirgiz beginners, lack of the teaching sources and no access to the standard Chinese pronunciation will make them more difficult to learn Chinese language.
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