文章摘要
梁仕杰,王彪,张岑.基于gOMP算法的FBMC水声通信信道估计方法[J].声学技术,2021,40(3):329~335
基于gOMP算法的FBMC水声通信信道估计方法
FBMC underwater acoustic communication channel estimation method based on gOMP algorithm
投稿时间:2020-03-16  修订日期:2020-05-06
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2021.03.005
中文关键词: 滤波器组多载波  压缩感知  虚部干扰  gOMP算法  离散导频
英文关键词: filter bank multi-carrier (FBMC)  compressed sensing  imaginary part interference  gOMP algorithm  discrete pilot
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(11574120、U1636117);江苏省自然科学基金(BK20161359);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目(KYCX19_1691)。
作者单位E-mail
梁仕杰 江苏科技大学电子信息学院, 江苏镇江 212003 1941407485@qq.com 
王彪 江苏科技大学电子信息学院, 江苏镇江 212003  
张岑 江苏科技大学电子信息学院, 江苏镇江 212003  
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中文摘要:
      传统基于训练序列及块状导频结构的滤波器组多载波(Filter Bank Multicarrier,FBMC)信道估计方法花费额外的频谱资源,这在频谱资源较为紧张的水声通信环境中具有一定的局限性。针对这一问题并结合水声信道稀疏性的特点,文章提出了一种基于压缩感知的离散导频结构FBMC信道估计方法。首先基于等效导频能量最大化的思想,设计了一种新的离散导频结构来解决FBMC系统信道估计时存在的固有虚部干扰问题;然后配合该结构,提取出导频处的接收信息并利用重构效果优良的压缩感知gOMP算法对水声信道进行重构。该方法在保证水声信道估计精度的同时有效提高了FBMC系统的频谱利用率,改善了水声通信的性能。仿真结果表明,文中所提方法相较于传统方法在估计精度和频谱利用率方面具有一定的优越性。
英文摘要:
      The traditional filter bank multi-carrier (FBMC) channel estimation method based on training sequence and block pilot structure spends additional spectrum resources, which leads to certain limitations of applying this method in the underwater acoustic communication environment where spectrum resources are limited. To solve this problem and considering the sparsity of underwater acoustic channel, a channel estimation method of FBMC with discrete pilot structure based on compressed sensing is proposed in this paper. Firstly, based on the idea of equivalent pilot energy maximization, the discrete pilot structure is designed reasonably to solve the problem of inherent imaginary part interference in channel estimation of FBMC system. Then with this structure, the received information at pilot is extracted and the compressed sensing gOMP algorithm with good reconstruction effect is used to reconstruct the underwater acoustic channel. This method not only ensures the accuracy of channel estimation, but also effectively improves the spectrum utilization of FBMC system, which greatly improves the performance of underwater acoustic communication. The simulation results show that the proposed method is superior to the traditional methods in estimation accuracy and spectrum utilization.
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