文章摘要
郭渲,杨玲,危艳梅,朱天媛,刘江,任维.声景感知下的历史街区场所营造影响因素研究[J].声学技术,2022,41(1):108~115
声景感知下的历史街区场所营造影响因素研究
Research on the factors affecting place-making of historical blocks based on soundscape perception
投稿时间:2021-07-05  修订日期:2021-08-16
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2022.01.016
中文关键词: 声景  声景感知  声源评价  历史街区  场所营造
英文关键词: soundscape  soundscape perception  sound source evaluation  historic block  place making
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(20YJC760079)、福建省社会科学规划青年项目(FJ2019C045)、福建省中青年教师教育科研项目(JT180108)
作者单位E-mail
郭渲 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
杨玲 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
危艳梅 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
朱天媛 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002  
刘江 福州大学建筑与城乡规划学院, 福建福州 350100  
任维 福建农林大学园林学院, 福建福州 350002 Ren-wei@fafu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      场所营造是公共空间规划设计管理的有效工具。文章选取福州市三坊七巷作为研究对象,从声景感知的视角,通过实地调查和问卷调查相结合的方式探究影响历史街区场所营造的声源类型及使用者信息。结果表明,三坊七巷依照“有历史底蕴的”和“有特色的”的场所感营造较为良好;历史街区与使用者信息之间没有明显的相关性,但是在营造“有历史底蕴的”历史街区与叫卖声的感知频率之间和营造“有特色的”场所感与叫卖声的感知强度之间呈现显著的负相关;“有趣的”场所感感知受使用者信息的影响显著;“嘈杂的”场所感可以通过提高鸟叫声的感知频率来减弱;整体印象感可以通过提升风吹树叶声和水声的感知频率以及降低城市交通声的感知频率来实现;使用者信息中,受教育程度对场所营造的影响最为显著;声源类型中,叫卖声、谈话声及水声的影响最受关注。研究结论可为历史街区的场所营造提供理论依据和指导。
英文摘要:
      Place-making is an effective tool for the management of public space planning and design. This study selects the "three lanes and seven alleys" in Fuzhou as the research object, tries to explore the sound source types and user information that affect the place-making of historic blocks by combining field investigation and questionnaire survey from the perspective of soundscape perception. It is found that the better senses of place created by place-making of the "three lanes and seven alleys" are "with historical deposits" and "distinctive", and that there is no obvious correlation between historical blocks and user information, but there are strong negative correlations between the perceived frequencies of hawking and historic blocks and between creating a "distinctive" sense of place and the perceived loudness of hawking; the "interesting" sense of place is significantly affected by user information; the "noisy" sense of place can be reduced by increasing the perceived frequencies of bird calls; in user information, the educational level is the main factor influencing place-making, and in sound source types, the effects of hawking sound, conversation sound and water sound are most concerned. This research can provide a theoretical basis and guidance for the place-making of historical blocks.
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