文章摘要
岳泓伶,杨广斌,安静,冯雯蕊.视听作用下大学校园声景研究与评价——以贵州师范大学花溪校区为例[J].声学技术,2022,41(1):116~123
视听作用下大学校园声景研究与评价——以贵州师范大学花溪校区为例
Research and evaluation of university campus soundscape based on audiovisual effects: taking Huaxi campus of Guizhou Normal University as an example
投稿时间:2020-11-27  修订日期:2020-12-28
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2022.01.017
中文关键词: 宁静度  美景度  声舒适度  主观感受  校园声环境
英文关键词: Tranquility  beautiful scenery  acoustic comfort  subjective perception  campus acoustic environment
基金项目:贵州省理论创新课题(GZLCLH-2020-365),贵州省科技计划:黔科合计Z字[2015]4007
作者单位E-mail
岳泓伶 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 贵州贵阳 550001  
杨广斌 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 贵州贵阳 550001  
安静 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 贵州贵阳 550001
贵州省喀斯特山地生态环境国家重点实验室培育基地, 贵州贵阳 550001 
anjingsavage@163.com 
冯雯蕊 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 贵州贵阳 550001  
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中文摘要:
      大学校园声环境质量作为美化校园环境的重要环节,影响着师生的教学科研环境质量和身心健康。采用问卷调查(声景宁静度、美景度和声舒适度、声要素特征、喜好度)及实地声源数据勘测对贵州师范大学花溪校区校园声环境进行研究。从视听角度,校园环境美景度与宁静度显著相关(0.315≤r≤0.575,p<0.01),且偏向宁静的环境中,风吹树叶、流水声声舒适度与宁静度呈正相关(0.116≤r≤0.281,p<0.05)。从校园声要素特性及声要素喜好角度来看,各场地中主观强度分值大于1的,受访者能明显感知到该声源,且校园师生偏爱风吹树叶声(1.39)、鸟鸣声(1.34)、流水声(1.29)。声级实测结果表明,西门、一号球场、一食堂、学院楼及二号生活区A声级都超过限值55 dB(A),均值为55~60.8 dB(A),白云湖湖畔、图书馆广场、龙文山和图书馆旁银杏林等休闲区域A声级均值为42.7~55 dB(A)。校园声环境质量评价可做为校园声景观优化的依据。
英文摘要:
      As an important part of beautifying campus environment, the acoustic environmental quality of university campus affects the quality of teaching and research environment and the physical and mental health of teachers and students. Questionnaire surveys (soundscape tranquility, beautiful scenery and acoustic comfort, acoustic element characteristics, preferences) and field sound source data surveys are used to study the acoustic environment of the Huaxi campus of Guizhou Normal University. From the audiovisual point of view, the beauty of campus environment is significantly correlated with the quietness (0.315 ≤ r ≤ 0.575, p<0.01), and in a quiet environment, the degree of comfort of the sound from wind blowing leaves and running water are positively correlated with quietness (0.126 ≤ r ≤ 0.281, p<0.01). From the perspective of the characteristics and the preferences of acoustic elements in campus, if the subjective intensity score of each venue is greater than 1, the interviewees can clearly perceive the sound source, and teachers and students in campus prefer the sound of wind blowing leaves (1.39), birds singing sound (1.34) and the sound of running water (1.29). The measurement results of sound level show that the sound levels at Ximen, No. 1 Stadium, No. 1 Canteen, College Building, and No. 2 living area all exceed the limit of 55 dB(A), with an average value of 55~60.8 dB(A). The average sound levels in leisure areas, such as the side of Baiyun Lake, Library Square, Longwen Mountain and Ginkgo grove near the library are 42.7~55 dB(A) respectively. The results of acoustic environmental quality evaluation can be used as a basis for campus acoustic landscape optimization.
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