文章摘要
沈远,徐雅,谢代梁,孙大明,刘铁军,黄震威.深腔流激振荡特性研究及能量采集初步分析[J].声学技术,2023,42(2):137~144
深腔流激振荡特性研究及能量采集初步分析
Characteristics of flow-induced oscillation in deep cavity and preliminary analysis of energy harvesting
投稿时间:2021-12-09  修订日期:2022-01-19
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2023.02.002
中文关键词: 流激振荡  大涡模拟  压电换能器  谐振  流体动能
英文关键词: flow induced oscillation  LES  piezoelectric transducer  resonance  fluid kinetic energy
基金项目:浙江省自然科学基金项目(LQ19E060005)。
作者单位E-mail
沈远 中国计量大学浙江省流量计量技术重点实验室, 浙江杭州 310018  
徐雅 中国计量大学浙江省流量计量技术重点实验室, 浙江杭州 310018 xuya@cjlu.edu.cn 
谢代梁 中国计量大学浙江省流量计量技术重点实验室, 浙江杭州 310018  
孙大明 浙江大学能源工程学院, 浙江杭州 310027  
刘铁军 中国计量大学浙江省流量计量技术重点实验室, 浙江杭州 310018  
黄震威 中国计量大学浙江省流量计量技术重点实验室, 浙江杭州 310018  
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中文摘要:
      针对深腔流激振荡现象的内部声场特性及其流体动能利用方法进行了研究,通过对谐振空腔内部的流场和声场进行数值模拟,探究腔体结构尺寸和流速对内部声振荡响应特性的影响,选用合适的空腔结构安装压电换能器初步实现声电能量转换过程,并进行实验验证。结果表明,当谐振腔开口尺寸HR=30 mm,长度LR=230 mm时,可在相当于高压输气管道的流速范围内获得属于第一水力模态和第一声学模态的稳定声振荡;当气体流速为32.26 m·s-1时,声场压力振幅可达4.62 kPa;选用压电陶瓷厚度hp=1.0 mm的压电片进行实验测试,可得开路电压为1.99 V;实验结果与模型预测结果趋势一致。该方法丰富了环境流体动能的利用方式,且有望在低功耗、远距离、低维护等特殊场合的微型无线电子设备中实现无源供电。
英文摘要:
      The acoustic characteristics of flow induced oscillation in deep cavity and the utilization method of fluid kinetic energy are studied. Through the numerical simulation of the flow field and sound field characteristics inside the resonant cavity, the effects of cavity structure size and flow rate on the internal acoustic oscillation response characteristics are explored. The appropriate deep cavity structure is selected to realize energy harvesting through the piezoelectric transducer. The effectiveness of the numerical model and calculation method is verified by experiments. The results show that the high acoustic pressure output of the first acoustic mode and the first hydraulic mode can be obtained in the flow rate range of the high-pressure gas transmission pipeline, by using a resonator with an opening diameter of 30 mm and a length of 230 mm. At a mean flow rate of 32.26 m·s-1, a maximum pressure amplitude reaches 4.62 kPa. Under this model, the piezoelectric patch with hp=1.0 mm is selected for test experiments, and the maximum open-circuit voltage is 1.99 V. The experimental results are consistent with the predicted results of the model, which fully shows the potential of flow induced oscillation in energy supply. This method not only enriches the utilization of environmental fluid kinetic energy, but also is expected to realize passive power supply in micro wireless electronic equipment on special occasions such as low power consumption, long distance and low maintenance.
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