文章摘要
董颖怀,王安康,王岩,李垚,刘世伟,刁云峰.聚焦超声清洗机的仿真设计与实验研究[J].声学技术,2023,42(3):321~325
聚焦超声清洗机的仿真设计与实验研究
Simulation design and experimental research on focused ultrasonic cleaner
投稿时间:2021-12-02  修订日期:2021-12-28
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2023.03.008
中文关键词: 聚焦超声机  COMSOL Multiphysics软件  薄膜腐蚀法  清洗效率
英文关键词: focused ultrasonic machine  COMSOL multiphysics software  thin film etching method  cleaning efficiency
基金项目:天津市自然科学基金(18JCYBJC88900,18JCQNJC05200,18JCQNJC75300)。
作者单位E-mail
董颖怀 天津科技大学机械工程学院, 天津 300222
天津市轻工与食品工程机械装备集成设计与在线监控重点实验室, 天津 300222 
 
王安康 天津科技大学机械工程学院, 天津 300222  
王岩 天津科技大学机械工程学院, 天津 300222
天津市轻工与食品工程机械装备集成设计与在线监控重点实验室, 天津 300222 
satansdestiny@163.com 
李垚 天津科技大学机械工程学院, 天津 300222  
刘世伟 空军装备部驻辽阳地区军事代表室, 辽宁辽阳 110076  
刁云峰 空军装备部驻辽阳地区军事代表室, 辽宁辽阳 110076  
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中文摘要:
      目前,超声清洗机通常是将一组换能器排布于平面式清洗槽底部,但用此方法会形成驻波现象,不利于超声清洗。文章提出了一种球面式聚焦超声清洗的方法,与普通超声清洗相比,该方法提高了超声清洗的效率。文章采用有限元COMSOL Multiphysics软件对清洗机内声场进行分析,得到三维模型内声压的分布情况;研制了聚焦超声清洗机,并通过薄膜腐蚀实验验证了清洗机内的声压分布情况;通过对比试验发现,聚焦超声清洗油污的速度比普通超声清洗提高了77.27%。通过薄膜腐蚀实验和超声清洗实验可知,聚焦超声清洗机内声场分布均匀,且声场内存在能量聚焦区域,清洗速率高于普通超声清洗机。
英文摘要:
      In the present ultrasonic cleaning machine, a group of transducers are usually arranged at the bottom of a flat cleaning tank, but this method will form a standing wave phenomenon that is not conducive to ultrasonic cleaning. To solve this problem, a spherical focused ultrasonic cleaning method is proposed, which can improve the efficiency of ultrasonic cleaning compared with ordinary flat arrangement. In this paper, the finite element software COMSOL Multiphysics is used to analyze the sound field in the cleaning machine, and the sound pressure distribution in the three-dimensional model is obtained. A focused ultrasonic cleaning machine is built, and the sound pressure distribution inside the cleaning machine is verified through the film corrosion experiment. It is found that the speed of removing oil stains of the focused ultrasonic cleaning is 77.27% higher than that of the ordinary ultrasonic cleaning. The film corrosion experiment and ultrasonic cleaning experiment show that the sound field in the focused ultrasonic cleaning machine is evenly distributed, and there is an energy focusing area in the sound field, and the cleaning rate is higher than that of the ordinary ultrasonic cleaning machine.
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