文章摘要
赵雯,陆美慧,纪良.航空发动机噪声地面反射效应计算方法[J].声学技术,2023,42(3):346~350
航空发动机噪声地面反射效应计算方法
Prediction method of ground reflection effect of aircraft engine noise
投稿时间:2022-08-08  修订日期:2022-11-02
DOI:10.16300/j. cnki.1000-3630.2023.03.012
中文关键词: 地面反射  地面声阻抗  干涉效应  发动机噪声
英文关键词: ground reflection  ground acoustic impedance  sound coherence  aircraft engine noise
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2017-II-0008-0022)。
作者单位E-mail
赵雯 中国航发商用航空发动机有限责任公司, 上海 200241 zhaowen_12@163.com 
陆美慧 中国航发商用航空发动机有限责任公司, 上海 200241  
纪良 中国航发商用航空发动机有限责任公司, 上海 200241  
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中文摘要:
      为了获得准确性更好、适用范围更广的航空发动机噪声地面反射效应计算方法,文章对不同地面声阻抗模型以及噪声干涉效应模型下的地面反射效应进行频率响应特征分析。与公开的试验数据进行对比,结果表明地面声阻抗模型是影响噪声地面反射效应的关键因素。当地面有效声阻抗的不确定性较大时,选择变量个数较少的地面声阻抗特征方程,可以获得准确性更高的噪声地面反射效应的预测结果。根据对比结果,文章提出了一种航空发动机噪声地面反射效应计算方法,为发动机噪声适航性预测程序的升级提供了优化思路。
英文摘要:
      In order to predict the free-field aircraft engine noise accurately in static engine experiments, the ground reflection effect is analyzed with different ground acoustic impedance models and sound coherence models. Comparison between the experiment data and the prediction results shows that the ground acoustic impedance model is the important factor affecting the ground reflection effect of the noise. The characteristic equation of ground acoustic impedance with fewer factors can be selected to get more accurate prediction results of ground reflection, when there is some uncertainty of the effective ground acoustic impedance. According to the comparison results, a calculation method of ground reflection effect of aircraft engine noise is proposed in this paper, which provides an optimization idea for upgrading engine noise airworthiness prediction program.
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