文章摘要
孙秀军,张海嵩,桑宏强,周莹,于佩元.波浪滑翔器智能海洋环境噪声观测系统[J].声学技术,2023,42(5):580~587
波浪滑翔器智能海洋环境噪声观测系统
Wave glider intelligent marine ambient noise measurement and observation system
投稿时间:2022-02-24  修订日期:2022-05-09
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2023.05.004
中文关键词: 波浪滑翔器  海洋环境噪声观测  低功耗采集系统  冗余存储系统  卫星实时回传数据
英文关键词: wave glider  marine ambient noise measurements  low-power acquisition systems  redundant storage systems  real-time data transmission from satellite
基金项目:国家重点研发计划重点专项(2017YFC0305902);山东省重大科技创新工程项目(2019JZZY020701);天津市自然科学基金重点基金(18JCZDJC40100);青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室"问海计划"项目(2017WHZZB0101)。
作者单位E-mail
孙秀军 中国海洋大学海洋技术学院, 山东青岛 266100  
张海嵩 中国海洋大学海洋技术学院, 山东青岛 266100  
桑宏强 天津工业大学机械工程学院, 天津 300387 sanghongqiang@tiangong.edu.cn 
周莹 中国海洋大学高等研究院, 山东青岛 266100  
于佩元 中国海洋大学海洋技术学院, 山东青岛 266100  
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中文摘要:
      利用波浪滑翔器进行海洋环境观测是一种新型的海洋观测手段,与调查船等大型平台相比,具有成本低、效率高的优点。由于波浪滑翔器依靠波浪进行驱动,依靠太阳能进行平台供电,且平台航行自噪声较小,因此适合用于水下环境噪声的长期观测。为了开展基于波浪滑翔器的海洋环境噪声观测工作,设计了一种波浪滑翔器智能海洋环境噪声观测系统,包含水声采集系统以及适配的水声数据冗余存储方案,能实现声学数据采集存储、数据卫星回传和远程控制等功能。其中,水声采集系统具有低功耗、稳定性高等优点;水声数据冗余存储方案具有存储灵活,数据保障等优点。海上试验结果表明,波浪滑翔器智能海洋环境噪声观测系统具有实用性高、续航时间长与采集存储智能方便等特点,能够较好地完成海洋环境噪声观测任务,具有较好的应用前景。
英文摘要:
      The use of wave gliders for marine ambient observation is a new means of ocean observation, which has the advantages of low cost and high efficiency compared with large platforms such as survey ships. Since the wave glider is driven by wave and powered by solar energy, and the platform has less self-noise, it is suitable for long-term observation of underwater ambient noise. In order to realize the marine ambient noise measurement and observation based on wave glider, a wave glider intelligent marine ambient noise measurement and observation system is designed, including a hydro-acoustic acquisition system and an adapted redundant storage scheme for hydro-acoustic data, which can realize the functions of acoustic data acquisition and storage, data satellite back transmission and remote control. Among them, the hydro-acoustic acquisition system has the advantages of low power consumption and high stability. The hydro-acoustic data redundancy storage scheme has the advantages of flexible storage and data security. The sea test shows that the wave glider intelligent marine ambient noise measurement and observation system has the characteristics of high practicality, long endurance and intelligent and convenient acquisition and storage, which can better complete the task of marine ambient noise measurement and observation and has a good application prospect.
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