文章摘要
杜云凯,王东强,张君浩,李忠文,董学武.水泥磨主排风机排风筒的噪声控制研究[J].声学技术,2023,42(5):633~641
水泥磨主排风机排风筒的噪声控制研究
Research on the noise control of main exhaust fan's exhaust air duct of cement mill
投稿时间:2022-05-23  修订日期:2022-08-15
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2023.05.012
中文关键词: 宽频噪声  阻性片式消声器  等效声阻抗率  玻璃纤维棉
英文关键词: broadband noise  resistive chip muffler  equivalent acoustic impedance  glass fiber cotton
基金项目:2020年度河南省高等学校重点科研项目(20A460030);河南省高等学校青年骨干教师培养计划资助。
作者单位E-mail
杜云凯 中原工学院机电学院, 河南郑州 450007  
王东强 中原工学院机电学院, 河南郑州 450007
中原工学院先进纺织装备技术省部共建协同创新中心, 河南郑州 450007 
445wdq@163.com 
张君浩 郑州恩普特科技股份有限公司, 河南郑州 450051  
李忠文 河南陆创工程设计有限公司, 河南郑州 450061  
董学武 中原工学院机电学院, 河南郑州 450007  
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中文摘要:
      针对某水泥厂煤磨房主排风机排风筒50~5 000 Hz宽频噪声的特点,设计了多孔吸声材料、无纺布和多孔板复合结构的阻性片式消声器。结合多孔吸声材料DB-Miki模型理论、声波透反射原理和声致循环流原理,建立消声器消声区域的等效声阻抗率数学模型,然后结合有限元法和传递矩阵法求解阻性片式消声器的传递损失,通过与实验测试的结果对比证明了该方法的正确性。在此基础上对阻性片式消声器内玻璃纤维棉的体积密度和纤维直径进行参数优化,结果表明选用纤维直径为10 μm、体积密度为60 kg·m-3规格的玻璃纤维棉的降噪效果最好。最后通过工程实例证明阻性片式消声器设计的合理性,为解决排风管道噪声问题提供了一定的参考。
英文摘要:
      According to the characteristics of 50-5 000 Hz broadband noise in the main exhaust air duct of coal mill house in a cement plant, a resistive chip muffler composed of porous sound-absorbing material, non-woven fabric and porous plate composite structure is designed. Combined with the theory of porous sound absorbing material DB-Miki model, the principle of sound transmission and reflection as well as the principle of sound-induced circulation flow, the mathematical model of equivalent acoustic impedance in the silencing area of the muffler is established, and then the transmission loss of resistive plate muffler is solved by combining the finite element method and transfer matrix method. The correctness of this method is proved by comparing with the experimental results. On this basis, the volume density and fiber diameter of glass fiber cotton in the resistive chip muffler are optimized. The results show that the glass fiber cotton with the fiber diameter of 10 μm and the volume density of 60 kg·m-3 has the best noise reduction effect. Finally, an engineering example is given to prove the rationality of the design of resistive plate muffler, which provides a certain reference for solving the noise problem of exhaust duct.
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