文章摘要
路晓东,崔晓鸥,祝培生,谢庄秀.临干道城市公共空间声景情感维度探析[J].声学技术,2023,42(6):804~810
临干道城市公共空间声景情感维度探析
Emotional dimension analysis of soundscape in urban public space adjacent to road
投稿时间:2023-01-08  修订日期:2023-04-09
DOI:10.16300/j.cnki.1000-3630.2023.06.014
中文关键词: 声景  情感维度  临干道公共空间  声漫步法
英文关键词: soundscape  emotional dimension  public space adjacent to road  soundwalk
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51878110,52278092)
作者单位E-mail
路晓东 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023 lxd3721@dlut.edu.cn 
崔晓鸥 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023  
祝培生 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023  
谢庄秀 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院, 辽宁大连 116023  
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中文摘要:
      城市高密度发展背景下,很多中国公共空间临交通干道布置,交通噪声严重影响空间品质。侧重感知体验提升的声景营造逐渐形成共识,声景情感维度成为重要评价参量。以大连市中山公园为样本,将其划分为临干道区域和内部区域,依据ISO 12913完成问卷调查及数据分析。研究表明,与欧洲的研究不同,中国典型公共空间的声景情感维度依次是“事件感”“愉悦感”。临干道区域的声景情感偏于“事件感强”“不愉悦”,内部区域则偏于“事件感强”“相对愉悦”。ISO声景情感维度与传统的声压级指标之间存在较弱的相关性,说明两者从不同方面反映了声环境特征。二者的结合,可更科学地评价城市公共空间声环境。文中的研究可为临干道公共空间的优化设计提供借鉴与参考。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of high-density urban development, many public spaces in China are adjacent to roads, and traffic noise seriously affects the space quality. The construction of soundscape focusing on improving perceptual experience has gradually become a consensus, and the emotional dimension of soundscape is an important evaluation parameter. By taking Zhongshan Park in Dalian city as a sample, which is divided into the internal area and the area adjacent to road, the questionnaire survey and data analysis is completed according to ISO 12913. It is found that, unlike European researches, the first soundscape dimension of public space in China is the sense of "event" rather than "pleasure". The soundscape of the area adjacent to road tends to be "strong event sense" and "unpleasant", and the internal area tends to be "strong event sense" and "relatively pleasant". The correlation between ISO soundscape dimension and sound pressure level index is significant but not strong, indicating that the two parameters reflect the characteristics of sound environment from different aspects. However, their combination can evaluate the soundscape of urban public space in a more scientific way. This research can provide a reference for the optimization design of the adjacent to road.
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